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An Overview of Heart Diseases

September 23rd, 2021

Heart disease is currently the leading cause of death in the United States. It is a major cause of disability. Nearly 700,000 individuals die of heart disease in the United States each year. This means that heart disease accounts for roughly 29% of all deaths in the United States each year. Heart disease is an umbrella term that encompasses several more specific heart conditions. The most common heart disease in the United States is coronary heart disease. This can lead to heart attack.

The risk of coronary heart disease can be reduced by taking a number of steps to prevent and to control the adverse factors that put specific people at greater risk for heart disease and heart attack. Knowing the signs and symptoms of a heart attack, calling 911 immediately, and getting to a hospital as soon as possible are crucial to getting a positive outcome after a heart attack. It is also possible for people who have already had one heart attack to work to reduce the risk of future heart events.

Cardiomyopathy is one of the diseases contained under “heart disease.” It literally means “heart muscle disease” as Myo = muscle, pathy = disease, and cardio = hart. This disease is the deterioration of the function of the myocardium, the actual heart muscle, for any reason. People who have cardiomyopathy are frequently at risk for arrhythmias and or sudden cardiac death.

Extrinsic cardiomyopathies, cardiomyopathies where the primary cause of the disease is outside the heart muscle, are the main classification. The majority of cardiomyopathies are caused by ischemia. The World Health Organization calls these specific cardiomyopathies. Common causes of myopathies include:

- Alcohol
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Congenital heart disease
- Nutritional diseases affection the heart
- Ischemic cardiomyopathy
- Hypertensive cardiomyopathy

Coronary artery disease is a disease of the artery caused by the accumulation of atheromatous plaques within the walls of the arteries that bring blood to the myocardium, or heart muscle. Chest pain and heart attacks are symptoms of and conditions caused by coronary artery disease, or CAD.

More than 459,000 Americans die of CAD on a yearly basis. In the United Kingdom, more than 100,000 deaths are due to coronary artery disease annually.

Cardiovascular disease is any number of specific diseases that affect the heart or the blood vessel system. This is particularly true of the veins and arteries leading to and from the heart. Research that has been conducted on heart diseases suggests that women who suffer from cardiovascular disease usually suffer from the forms that affect the blood vessels while men typically suffer from forms that affect the heart muscle itself. Known or associated causes of cardiovascular diseases include diabetes, hypertension, hyperhomocysteinemia, and high cholesterol.